Free kindle Blood on Steel: Chicago Steelworkers and the Strike of 1937Author Michael Dennis – Selindameditasyon.com

This is a solid, but rather short, history of the Little Steel Strike of 1937 It works as an introduction to the strike, and the strike s effects in Chicago which culminated in the Memorial Day Massacre , in which 10 striking workers and their family members were killed by the Chicago Police Department and another 60 to 100 people wounded.A little background The American Federation of Labor, founded in 1886, had focused only on organized highly skilled craft workers By the 1930s, howe This is a solid, but rather short, history of the Little Steel Strike of 1937 It works as an introduction to the strike, and the strike s effects in Chicago which culminated in the Memorial Day Massacre , in which 10 striking workers and their family members were killed by the Chicago Police Department and another 60 to 100 people wounded.A little background The American Federation of Labor, founded in 1886, had focused only on organized highly skilled craft workers By the 1930s, however, mass production had supplanted skilled labor in most American industries A group of unions tried to organize industrially e.g., those unskilled mass production workers , and got ejected from the AFL They formed their own group, the Congress of Industrial Organization CIO on November 9, 1936.Steel production was America s biggest industry in the 1930s, and its wealthiest Three quarters of all production came from U.S Steel John L Lewis, president of the United Mine Workers of America as well as the CIO, hobnobbed with industry leaders One of those he knew was Myron Taylor, chairman of the board of directors of U.S Steel Lewis secretly met with Taylor, and they discussed Lewis commitment to organizing workers at U.S Steel Taylor, shocked at the massive inroads the Steel Workers Organizing Committee SWOC had made at his company, capitulated On March 2, 1937, U.S Steel signed a collective bargaining agreement with SWOC.SWOC believed that Little Steel would swiftly follow This term referred to the seven next largest steel companies in America American Rolling Mills, Bethlehem Steel, Inland Steel, Jones and Laughin Steel, Republic Steel, National Steel, and Youngstown Sheet Tube.SWOC proved tragically wrong Led by Tom Girdler, CEO of Republic Steel, Little Steel violently resisted the union organizing drive 80,000 workers struck at 30 steel mills in Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Alabama, and Georgia.Republic Steel was the largest of the Little Steel companies, withthan 9,000 workers At its Chicago plant, about 1,500 workers were on strike On May 30, 1937, workers, their families, and several hundred supporters picnicked on land opposite Republic Steel s plant on Chicago s South Side The crowd attempted to picket in front of the plant Republic Steel had about 30 of its own, heavily armed private security force guarding the plant In addition, Republic Steel had agreed to pay the city of Chicago several hundred thousand dollars to buy protection from the Chicago Police This was a critical issue, because the city was nearly bankrupt from the effects of the Great Depression Police were restive and unwilling to work, because they had not been paid The Republic Steel payment solved this issue, and made the police loyal to the company.Republic Steel s armed guards were joined by 250 CPD officers As the crowd approached, people in the front began arguing with the police about their right to picket.That s when the police opened fire Ten people died Another 60 to 100 were injured, including women and children Republic Steel sent out press releases claiming that marijuana smoking communists had attempted to storm the plant The strike collapsed nationwide SWOC filed charges with the National Labor Relations Board, which in 1941 ruled that the companies of Little Steel had violated federal labor law Elections were held, which SWOC won.Michael Dennis book is basically a straight forward narrative of the strike at Republic Steel which began in April 1937 His narrative concludes with the Memorial Day Massacre, and its immediate aftermath.Dennis prose style is all right, but nothing to write home about He can occasionally get bogged down in detail, particularly when he has first person reports to relate These, he seems to think, are so gripping that you want to read them in detail Unfortunately, these passages tend to get in the way of the story.Dennis did a decent but not really revelatory amount of research for the book Some of the scholarship relies heavily on existing histories, and there doesn t seem to be a lot of deep research that would bring out a lot of new facts Much of the company s story has never been told, so we really do not know how involved Republic Steel s top management was involved in opposing the strike in Chicago, or what the thoughts, feelings, policies, and decisions made by the plant s local leadership were Nor is there much here about police, or city leadership Nearly all the story is told from the union side perspective, which makes for excellent labor history but for an incomplete historical record On Memorial Day , thousands of steelworkers, middle class supporters, and working class activists gathered at Sam s Place on the Southeast Side of Chicago to protest Republic Steel s virulent opposition to union recognition and collective bargaining By the end of the day, ten marchers had been mortally wounded and than one hundred badly injured, victims of a terrifying police riot Sam s Place, the headquarters for the steelworkers, was transformed into a bloody and frantic triage unit for treating heads split open by police batons, flesh torn by bullets, and limbs mangled badly enough to require amputation While no one doubts the importance of the Memorial Day Massacre, Michael Dennis identifies it as a focal point in the larger effort to revitalize American equality during the New Deal In Blood on Steel, Dennis shows how the incident captured on film by Paramount newsreels validated the claims of labor activists and catalyzed public opinion in their favor In the aftermath of the massacre, Senate hearings laid bare patterns of anti union aggression among management, ranging from blacklists to harassment and vigilante violence Companies were determined to subvert the right to form a union, which Congress had finally recognized inOnly in the following year would Congress pass the Fair Labor Standards Act, which established a minimum wage and a maximum work week, outlawed child labor, and regulated hazardous work Like the Wagner Act that protected collective bargaining, this law aimed to protect workers who had suffered the worst of what the Great Depression had inflicted Dennis s wide angle perspective reveals the Memorial Day Massacre as not simply another bloody incident in the long story of labor management tension in American history but as an illustration of the broad based movement for social democracy which developed in the New Deal era Blood on Steel: Chicago Steelworkers and the Strike of 1937


About the Author: Michael Dennis

Is a well known author, some of his books are a fascination for readers like in the Blood on Steel: Chicago Steelworkers and the Strike of 1937 book, this is one of the most wanted Michael Dennis author readers around the world.


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